10 Hackers Who Made History
The computer world has a rich history of hackers who steered the progress of computer science and gave shape to computers, the internet, and networking as we see it today - in some cases single-handedly. While the term “Hacker” today carries a negative connotation of an ill-intentioned computer genius, that’s only a small portion of what the word really means. Yes, there are the Black Hat hackers behind internet mayhem, thievery, and chaos, but there are also White Hat hackers who use their computer savvy for good. There’s also a different kind of hacker entirely: the tinkerer. They all played parts, big and small, in creating the computer world as it exists today. We’ve put together a list of 10 great hackers who all played a part in this history.
It all begins with Konrad Zuse, arguably the very first computer hacker. He may not have been a hacker in the modern sense of the word, but none of it would have been possible without him. You see, Zuse made the world’s very first fully programmable (Turing-complete as they say) computer, known as the Z3. It began, of course, as the Z1, and while it wasn’t built in a cave with a box of scraps, Zuse did build it himself in his parents’ apartment, completing it in 1938. Zuse eventually gained some backing by the German government, leading to the evolution from the Z1 to the Z3, which, complete in 1941, is considered the mother of modern computing.